Lab Publications

Genome Announc, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., Front Microbiol, PLoS ONE, MBio, J. Bacteriol., Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., Microsurgery, Environ. Microbiol., Antioxid. Redox Signal., Can. J. Microbiol., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., Pediatr. Res., Biol. Bull., Adv Neonatal Care, J Water Health, Med Chir Trans, Microbiology (Reading, Engl.), ISME J, Nat. Rev. Microbiol., Bioresour. Technol., J. Appl. Microbiol., Microbiome, Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., Fish Shellfish Immunol., J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., J. Microbiol. Methods, Ann. Neurol., Plast. Reconstr. Surg., Prog. Mol. Subcell. Biol., BMC Genomics, Annu. Rev. Microbiol., DNA Cell Biol., Nurs Res, Trends Microbiol., Curr Protoc Toxicol, Gut Microbes, Aging (Albany NY),









  • Nyholm SV, Graf J. 2012. Knowing your friends: invertebrate innate immunity fosters beneficial bacterial symbioses. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 10(12):815-27 (PMC3870473)
  • Bomar L, Graf J. 2012. Investigation into the physiologies of Aeromonas veronii in vitro and inside the digestive tract of the medicinal leech using RNA-seq. Biol. Bull. 223(1):155-66 (PMC3732745)
  • Nelson MC, Graf J. 2012. Bacterial symbioses of the medicinal leech Hirudo verbana. Gut Microbes 3(4):322-31 (PMC3463490)



  • Maltz M, Graf J. 2010. The type II secretion system is essential for erythrocyte lysis and gut colonization by the leech digestive tract symbiont Aeromonas veronii. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 77(2):597-603 (PMC3020562)



  • Laufer AS, Siddall ME, Graf J. 2008. Characterization of the digestive-tract microbiota of Hirudo orientalis, a european medicinal leech. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 74(19):6151-4 (PMC2565982)
  • Yu R, Graf J, Smets BF. 2008. An improved cell recovery method for iron oxidizing bacterial (IOB) enrichments. J. Microbiol. Methods 72(3):235-40


  • Silver AC, Rabinowitz NM, Küffer S, Graf J. 2007. Identification of Aeromonas veronii genes required for colonization of the medicinal leech, Hirudo verbana. J. Bacteriol. 189(19):6763-72 (PMC2045196)
  • Rio RV, Anderegg M, Graf J. 2007. Characterization of a catalase gene from Aeromonas veronii, the digestive-tract symbiont of the medicinal leech. Microbiology (Reading, Engl.) 153(Pt 6):1897-906
  • Silver AC, Kikuchi Y, Fadl AA, Sha J, Chopra AK, Graf J. 2007. Interaction between innate immune cells and a bacterial type III secretion system in mutualistic and pathogenic associations. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 104(22):9481-6 (PMC1890520)
  • Kikuchi Y, Graf J. 2007. Spatial and temporal population dynamics of a naturally occurring two-species microbial community inside the digestive tract of the medicinal leech. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73(6):1984-91 (PMC1828818)
  • Siddall ME, Worthen PL, Johnson M, Graf J. 2007. Novel role for Aeromonas jandaei as a digestive tract symbiont of the North American medicinal leech. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 73(2):655-8 (PMC1796983)